Author: Anita Bamberger
When considering the Chinese language, the Chinese proverb ‘a picture paints a thousand words’ is apposite. Chinese is a complex language of symbols, strokes and pictures, where each picture can mean several words.
Images are a universal language and their power in the classroom shouldn’t be underestimated. In this article we look at:
Visualisation to inspire /start teaching
“Being able to manipulate visuals is key to learning, but under-appreciated as a skill in the education system” (Creasey, 2018). Creasey talks about Professor Dan Schwartz’s research that “pages of school textbooks are punctuated with maps, diagrams or visualisations”. He comments that the reason for these representations is that they “help people to understand and see the structure of things”.
Professor Schwartz explains that the creation of visualisations should be the start of a whole new teaching process, one that enables the students to “experience the nature of the problem before you tell them the solution”, as “the key to getting them to use their knowledge in new situations”.
For example, if a teacher wishes to indicate how an author sets up a concept, followed by a crisis and a denouement, a visualisation of the narrative would be a clear and vivid way of representation. Using a visualiser to project these images onto a whiteboard would then encourage the use of them by the students.
(For more information on how well the brain is able to process and segregate information into categories from visual information, see the article Your Brain, A User’s Guide: 100 Things You Never Knew from the National Geographic magazine.)
Use images to assist with simple communication
Another good example of communication through images can be found in the use of ‘emojis’. In emojis, feelings and ideas are expressed in a lively and fun way, using icons. They were invented by a Japanese man, Shigetaka Kurita, who translated 176 ideas – including people, places, emotions and concepts – into 12-bit symbols.
The word emoji comes from the Japanese 絵 (‘e’, picture), 文 (‘mo’, write) and 字 (‘ji’, character). Japanese characters, or ‘kanji’, are largely based on Chinese ideograms, meaning that the language’s writing system is already highly pictorial (online magazine CNN Style 22/5/18).
Emojis remained largely confined to Japan for over a decade, but have now become the first international global pictorial language for communication.
More traditional forms of images have of course been used for decades, such as the ‘no smoking or naked flames’ sign (see image) and toilet and transport signs. These are universal images, able to assist visitors in a foreign country where language would be an issue.
For EAL learners, they provide a literal symbolic representation of words, which can assist in communication in instances where lengthy text may not actually be necessary for simple communication or to add clarity or signify meaning.
A few useful resources:
The Learning Village (www.learningvillage.net) provides its entire programme by teaching through images. This assists learners with any home language through this universal language of visuals and those not confident with reading, perhaps due to adjusting to a new script or low-level literacy in the home language. All these visual tools are useful for beginner-intermediate EAL students for communicating more basic expressions and words as well as curriculum language as well as providing starting points for more advanced learners.
CNN Style (2018), available here.
Creasey, S. (2018) Spacial Thinking, TES Magazine.
National Geographic (2017) Your Brain, A User’s Guide: 100 Things You Never Knew, National Geographic Magazine.
Schwartz, D.L., Blair, K.P., Tsang, J.M. (2016) The ABCs of how we learn, 26 scientifically proven approaches, how they work, and when to use them. W.W. Norton and Company.