How can you take your EAL department forward to play a part in a whole-school development strategy? Over the years, I have found that this can be a real challenge. A plan for a whole-school approach to EAL can have a significant impact, and not only benefits EAL learners, but the whole school population.
Blair and Bourne (1998) researched some successful schools and identified some common themes with regard to EAL:
• the significant role played by headteachers in driving forward an inclusive agenda
• working in partnership with parents
• establishing strong community links
• developing a student-centred approach to learning
• embedding robust procedures for dealing with racial incidents
• monitoring and tackling learner progress.
Schools all have different organisational structures, which means that roles and responsibilities can fall to a variety of different people. It is important to remember that the task of EAL development does not rest on the shoulders of one person alone. Provision for EAL learners is larger than one person’s role.
Therefore, your development plan needs to be owned and shared by the staff and leadership team. It needs to instigate a change in culture.
Kotter (1996) argues that there are ‘8 Steps to change’ that can be followed to make progress. These fall into the following three areas:
Creating a climate for change
1. Create a sense of urgency
2. Build a guiding coalition
Engaging and enabling the whole organisation
3. Form a strategic vision
4. Enlist a volunteer group
5. Enable action by removing barriers
6. Plan for short-term wins
Implementing and sustaining change
7. Sustain acceleration
8. Institute change
Scott (2012) discusses how to set whole-school targets by first considering which things you want to change, review or add. By creating a list of things that need to be taken into account, you are able to identify your main priorities and list them as SMART targets (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic and Timed). These targets can be numbered in priority order, for example, from 1-3, with 1 being the first priority and 3 being the lowest. The final stage is to consider how these targets will be achieved, deciding what needs to be done and who is going to be responsible for this.
Finally, it is extremely important that everyone is on board with the changes and that there is a shared understanding of the plan for all stakeholders.
If you want to learn more about how change can be implemented in your school or to access a structure for whole-school development, why not take part in one of the Across Cultures EAL Framework courses? More details can be found here.
Author: Gemma Fanning, Head of EAL
Blair, M. and Bourne, J. (1998) Making the difference: teaching and learning in successful multi-ethnic schools, DfEE
Kotter, J. (1996) Leading Change, Harvard Business School Press
Morrison McGill, R (2015), Teacher Toolkit: Helping you survive your first five years, London, Bloomsbury Education
Scott, C (2012), Teaching English as an Additional Language, 5-11: A Whole School Resource File, London, Routledge